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Hemodialysis vs Peritoneal dialysis understanding the difference.

Updated: Sep 25, 2023

Updated Sept 2023

When it comes to dialysis treatments, there are two main types: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Both methods have their own unique benefits and drawbacks acting as an artificial kidney, Although both methods do not do the same work as healthy kidneys they are a very important part of your kidney care when faced with chronic kidney disease. So how do you know which one is right for you? Here's a look at the key differences between hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.

Hemodialysis vs Peritoneal Dialysis


Hemodialysis is a treatment for kidney failure that involves filtering the blood to remove waste and excess fluid. The blood is pumped through a dialysis machine, where it passes through a filter that removes waste the extra fluid. Hemodialysis is done three times a week for up to four hours at a time. Hemodialysis can be done in a hospital, dialysis center offering dialysis services, or at home. Home hemodialysis requires special training, but it can be done more often than in-center hemodialysis and may be more convenient. Hemodialysis can help people with kidney failure live longer, healthier lives.

Peritoneal dialysis

Peritoneal dialysis is a type of dialysis that uses the peritoneal membrane as a natural filter to remove waste and excess water from the body. This type of dialysis can be done at home with the help of a peritoneal dialysis machine. The machine will pump a sterile solution called dialysate into the peritoneal cavity through a catheter. The Peritoneal membrane will then filter out waste and excess water from the blood, and the dialysate will be drained out of the body. Peritoneal dialysis is typically done several times a day, and it can be an effective way to manage kidney failure.

The benefits of hemodialysis

Hemodialysis has many benefits, including removing waste products and excess fluid from the blood, controlling blood pressure, and keeping electrolytes in balance. It can also help to prevent or treat complications of kidney failure, such as anemia and Peritonea-tits. In addition, hemodialysis can provide a sense of independence for people with kidney failure who are not candidates for renal transplantation. With hemodialysis, people can still lead active lives and work full-time.

In center vs. home hemodialysis

The machine is usually set up in a dialysis center, where trained staff members oversee your treatment. However, hemodialysis can also be done at home with the help of a caregiver. Home hemodialysis may give you more flexibility and control over your treatment, but it requires a significant time commitment. Dialysis centers typically offer hemodialysis treatments three times a week for four hours at a time, while home hemodialysis typically requires six to eight hours of treatment per day, four to seven days per week. As a result, home hemodialysis may not be an option for everyone. If you are considering hemodialysis, talk to your doctor about which option may be right for you.

Peritoneal dialysis vs Hemodialysis

The benefits of peritoneal dialysis

Peritoneal dialysis is often used as an alternative to hemodialysis, which uses a machine to filter blood. There are several benefits of peritoneal dialysis. First, it can be done at home, which gives patients more flexibility and independence. Second, it requires fewer visits to the hospital or dialysis center. Third, it may be associated with a lower risk of complications such as infection. Finally, it may be less expensive than hemodialysis. Peritoneal dialysis is not right for everyone, but it may offer some advantages over other types of dialysis. Talk to your doctor to see if it is an option for you.

How to choose the right dialysis treatment for you?

Now that you have an understanding of the two types of dialysis, hemodialysis, and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis uses a machine to remove and filter your blood. Peritoneal dialysis uses the lining of your abdomen and a cleansing solution to filter the blood inside your body.

If you have End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), or kidney failure, you will need dialysis. Your doctor will help you choose the best type of dialysis for you based on many factors including:

How often do you need treatment?

How severe your kidney disease is.

Your age.

Your overall health.

Your lifestyle.

As stated above Hemodialysis is usually done three times a week for up to four hours at a time. You can have this done at a dialysis center or at home with training. Peritoneal dialysis is done daily and can be done at different times to fit your schedule. You will need to do this treatment four to six times a day for 30 to 60 minutes each time, or on an overnight cycle that is approximately 10 hours, Some people may feel better after hemodialysis, while others may feel better after peritoneal dialysis.

Side effects of dialysis treatments

Dialysis is a treatment that helps to remove waste and excess water from the blood. While dialysis can be lifesaving, it is not without its risks. The most common side effects of dialysis include low blood pressure, cramping, fatigue, and headaches. In some cases, patients may also experience nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. While these side effects are typically mild and resolve on their own, they can be uncomfortable and disruptive. If you are undergoing dialysis, be sure to talk to your doctor about any side effects you may be experiencing.

In addition to the side effects of treatment, there are also some risks associated with dialysis. These risks include infection, bleeding, and fluid overload. Patients may also experience anemia, which can cause fatigue and weakness. Dialysis is a treatment that comes with both risks and benefits.


Hemodialysis vs peritoneal dialysis are both treatments for kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease while in search of a kidney transplant, but they offer different benefits. Asking the question “How do you know which treatment is right for me?” Well, that depends on a few factors, including your health and lifestyle. Your doctor can help you decide if hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis is best for you. Both treatments have their own set of side effects, so it’s important to weigh the pros and cons before making a decision. If you’re still unsure what treatment is right for you, talk to your medical professional. They will be able to guide you in the right direction and help make sure you get the care that’s best suited for your needs.

Frequently Asked Questions About Hemodialysis vs Peritoneal Dialysis

What is the difference between hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis?

Hemodialysis involves filtering the blood through a machine to remove waste and excess fluid, typically done three times a week for up to four hours. Peritoneal dialysis, on the other hand, uses the peritoneal membrane to filter waste and excess water, usually done daily at home.

Where can hemodialysis be performed?

What are the benefits of hemodialysis?

What are the benefits of peritoneal dialysis?

How do I choose the right dialysis treatment for me?

What are the common side effects of dialysis treatments?

What are the risks associated with dialysis?

The information on is for general informational purposes only. It is not intended as medical advice and should not be used as such. Always consult a doctor if you have any questions about your health or the health of your loved ones. Citations: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

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